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Seller’s Wraparound Bundle

  • Agreement for Purchase and Sale of Real Estate
  • Notice of Conveyance Encumbered by Lien
  • Authorization to Release Loan Information
  • Special Warranty Deed With Vendor’s Lien
  • Note Secured by Wraparound Mortgage
  • Deed of Trust to Secure Assumption
  • Closing Agreement and Due-on-Sale Acknowledgment
  • Bill of Sale and Assignment

Purchase Price: $97

Buyer’s Wraparound Bundle

  • Agreement for Purchase and Sale of Real Estate – Buyer-Friendly
  • Notice of Conveyance Encumbered by Lien
  • Authorization to Release Loan Information
  • Limited Power of Attorney for Real Estate
  • (General) Warranty Deed
  • Note Secured by Wraparound Mortgage
  • Deed of Trust (Wraparound Mortgage)
  • Closing Agreement and Due-on-Sale Acknowledgment
  • Limited Power of Attorney for Real Estate
  • Bill of Sale and Assignment

Purchase Price: $97

If these aren’t the forms you’re looking for, you can go about your business, or you can contact me by clicking here.

The Wraparound Mortgage Explained

The wraparound mortgage is an excellent and perfectly legal way for investors and homeowners to sell their properties faster and for more money than by selling for cash only. It’s also a great way for realtors to get their listings sold before they expire and avoid losing their commissions.

The traditional, “garden-variety” house sale works like this: Sam Seller owns a house. He’d like to sell it for $210,000. He owes $160,000 on his first mortgage (deed of trust in Texas) to Big Bank. Sam puts his house on the market, either with a realtor or FSBO (For Sale By Owner). Bill Buyer comes along and wants to buy Sam’s house, and they agree on a purchase price of $200,000. Bill puts down some earnest money, they sign a contract, and then Bill applies for a new mortgage from Bigger Bank. Bigger Bank checks Bill’s credit, asks for his tax returns, pay stubs, and a pint of blood, and makes Bill pay for a new appraisal, a new survey, loan fees, underwriting fees, fee fees, etc. At closing, Bill pays Sam a down payment and Bigger Bank pays off Big Bank’s mortgage, Sam’s realtor, the title company, etc., before giving Sam whatever is left over. Big Bank’s mortgage is paid off completely and goes away when Big Bank files a ‘release of lien’ in the county records. Bill now owns the house and Bigger Bank has a first position lien on the house with the new mortgage.

The wraparound mortgage works a little differently. Remember, Sam Seller owes $160,000 on his mortgage with Big Bank. Sam enters into a contract to sell his house to Bill Buyer for $210,000. But this time, Bill does not apply for a new mortgage with Big Bank. Instead, Sam acts as Bill’s bank and mortgage lender. At closing, Bill pays Sam a $21,000 down payment (10%) and gives Sam a promissory note for the balance of the purchase price ($189,000), plus a deed of trust or wraparound mortgage securing Sam’s lien against the property. Sam gives Bill a deed, so Bill now owns the property, but Sam does not pay off Big Bank. Instead, Bill pays Sam every month, and then Sam pays Big Bank out of what he receives from Bill. Bill’s new debt has “wrapped around” Sam’s old debt – hence the name. (“Hence the name” is a phrase that should be used more often, in my opinion.)

This arrangement – Bill pays Sam, Sam pays Big Bank – can continue indefinitely, with Sam getting monthly cash flow from the spread between his payment to Big Bank and Bill’s payment to him. If Bill and Sam agree, they can include a balloon payment in Bill’s note, so that Bill will need to re-finance or re-sell the house within a certain time, usually 3-5 years. When that happens, Bill will pay off his note to Sam and Sam will pay off his note to Big Bank, and the new loan will take a new first position lien on the property. But until Bill sells the property or refinances, there will be two mortgages on the property – Sam’s mortgage with Big Bank and Bill’s mortgage with Sam.

What are the advantages of the wraparound mortgage? Well, for Sam Seller, he gets a cash down payment at closing, monthly cash flow for as long as both mortgages are in place, and another cash payment when Bill Buyer re-finances in a few years. He also gets a better price, better terms and a quicker closing for his sale, because he doesn’t have to wait for Big Bank to process the loan, do the appraisal, etc. And if he sells with 10% down, he can still pay his realtor commissions and keep everybody happy.

Bill Buyer also gets the advantage of a quick closing, and he doesn’t have to go through the lengthy loan application process, credit check, etc. If Bill has some credit issues or other reasons why he wouldn’t be able to qualify for a new mortgage loan right now, he can still buy a house now and have a couple of years to get his credit issues straightened out.

Now, it is true that selling a house on a wrap usually violates triggers the due-on-sale clause in the original deed of trust. That clause, which is included in almost every deed of trust, says that if the seller conveys the property without paying off the first note, then the lender can accelerate the note and call it due. It is not necessarily a violation of, or a default under, the deed of trust, and it is absolutely not “illegal” to do this type of transaction. It is simply a clause that gives the lender the right, but not the obligation, to call the note due.

It is true that this is a risk for both seller and buyer in this type of transaction. But how great a risk? Banks are not in the business of foreclosing on houses and owning real estate. Banks are in the business of making loans and getting paid back. As long as the payments remain current, what incentive does the bank have to accelerate the note? They have enough non-performing loans to worry about, why would they care about one that was being paid on time? As a practical matter, banks almost never “call notes due” based on the due-on-sale clause as long as they are still getting paid. In fact, I have never even heard of it happening if there were no other violations of the mortgage or other issues with the note.

It is a minuscule risk, but it is an actual risk and one that should be disclosed to everyone – the seller, the buyer, the title company, even the lender itself. And Texas law requires a notice to the lender and the buyer if a property is being sold on a wrap and no one is buying title insurance. For more on that particular issue, click here.

With more and more buyers having trouble getting financed for a traditional bank loan, seller financing in general and wraparound mortgages in particular will become more and more common. You can click here to download all the contracts and forms you need to sell your house on a wraparound mortgage, or you can click here to contact me.

Selling Owner Financed in Texas? Be Careful

The Texas legislature is at it again. Just a couple of years after severely restricting the ability of real estate investors to sell residential property on a lease option or contract for deed, our representatives have passed a law requiring a massive disclosure whenever a seller conveys a house without paying off the underlying mortgage(s). NOTE: this disclosure is not required if the buyer gets a title insurance policy, so if you always insist on title insurance when you sell a property, you won’t have to worry about this.

Texas Property Code § 5.016, which became effective on January 1, 2008, applies whenever a seller sells, or contracts to sell, an interest in residential real property “that will be encumbered by a recorded lien at the time the interest is conveyed.” That means the statute applies any time a residential property is sold without paying off the existing mortgage or other liens. So if you are selling a house “subject to” the existing mortgage, or selling on a wraparound mortgage, or – theoretically – even conveying a property to the dreaded Ron Legrand “land trust,” you will have to comply with this new law.

You know, technically speaking, a lease is an interest in land, so you could argue this law even applies to residential leases! But I’m sure that’s not what the legislature intended, and I can’t see anyone successfully arguing that this statute should apply to landlords. So let’s just worry about sellers.

 If your residential sales contract falls under the statute, then you must give the buyer and each lienholder a separate written disclosure statement in at least 12-point type that:

(1) identifies the property and includes the name, address, and phone number of each lienholder;
(2) states the amount of the debt that is secured by each lien;
(3) specifies the terms of any contract or law under which the debt that is secured by the lien was incurred, including, as applicable:
(A) the rate of interest;
(B) the periodic installments required to be paid; and
(C) the account number;
(4) indicates whether the lienholder has consented to the transfer of the property to the purchaser;
(5) specifies the details of any insurance policy relating to the property, including:
(A) the name of the insurer and insured;
(B) the amount for which the property is insured; and
(C) the property that is insured;
(6) states the amount of any property taxes that are due on the property; and
(7) includes a statement at the top of the disclosure in a form substantially similar to the following:

WARNING: ONE OR MORE RECORDED LIENS HAVE BEEN FILED THAT MAKE A CLAIM AGAINST THIS PROPERTY AS LISTED BELOW. IF A LIEN IS NOT RELEASED AND THE PROPERTY IS CONVEYED WITHOUT THE CONSENT OF THE LIENHOLDER, IT IS POSSIBLE THE LIENHOLDER COULD DEMAND FULL PAYMENT OF THE OUTSTANDING BALANCE OF THE LIEN IMMEDIATELY. YOU MAY WISH TO CONTACT EACH LIENHOLDER FOR FURTHER INFORMATION AND DISCUSS THIS MATTER WITH AN ATTORNEY.

Yikes! That’s a hefty disclosure. Not only that, but the disclosure must be delivered at least 7 days before the effective date of the sale or the effective date of the contract, whichever is earlier. Whoa – did I say before the effective date of the contract? Yes indeed, that’s what the statute says, even if it may not be what the legislature meant. This certainly throws a wrench in the plans of investors who want to sell their properties within 7 days.

So what should an investor do to comply with the statute? Well, the easiest solution is to insist on title insurance for the buyer, which is an exception to the disclosure requirement. Of course, that adds cost and complexity to the transaction. If that’s not an option, then the best thing to do is probably to deliver the disclosure – to the buyer and lienholder – with the executed contract, but make the “effective date” of the contract 7 days later. You can still close at any time after that, even on the effective date of the contract, if need be. But remember that the statute also says that if the buyer does not receive the notice with the contract, he can cancel the contract for any reason up to seven days after receiving the notice.

Selling with seller financing or on a wraparound mortgage is still an excellent way for Texas real estate investors to maximize their profits and minimize management headaches, and I recommend it to many of my clients. But take care that you’re doing it right, either with title insurance or all the proper disclosures.